Foam 101 Terms & Definitions
Basic Foam Chemistry – Polyol (Polypropylene), Diisocyanate (TDI or MDI), and Water
Other Chemicals – Catalysts, Surfactants, Antimicrobials, Combustion Modifiers,
Auxiliary Blowing Agents, Colorants, Antistatic Additives,
Thermal Control Additives
Density – lbs. per ft3. Usually 1 – 5 pounds
How heavy is the foam?
Den$ity = Durability
ILD / IFD – (Indent Force / Load Deflection)
How firm is the foam in pounds?
Pillow 08 – 12 ILD
Mattress 15 – 50 ILD – Seat cushion 25 – 65 ILD – Packaging 36 – 100 ILD
Visco Elastic –Memory Foam
HR – High Resilience Foam – Ball Rebound test
Support Factor – 65 IFD / 25 IFD Function of Density and IFD
Tensile, Tear, Elongation – Strength Tests
Dynamic / Static Fatigue – Repetitive vs constant pressure
Air Flow – Amount of air expressed in cubic feet per minute
Fire Resistance (FR) – Cal 117 2001 & 2013, FMVSS 302, E-84, Boston Chair Test
Hand – The feel of the FPF as the hand is rubbed lightly over the surface.
Virgin Foam – Unfilled flexible slabstock foam
Voids – The undesirable formation of large cavities or pockets in a foam structure
Let's Work Together
The most innovative products come from the most innovative people - and for over 55 years our team has been propelled by curiosity and a steadfast dedication to inventing and creating the best foam formulations for our customers.